Malinowski makes the highly relevant point that folklore cannot simply be viewed in terms of its content. Instead, he contends that, as anthropologists rather than literary critics or students of ancient documents, we must distinguish the social context and function of 5 any given narrative. To this end we must consider how those affected Trobriand Islanders who differentiate between what he defines as fairy tales, legends, and myths. The first are frankly fictional tales which are dramatically told at a specific season, and are vaguely believed by the islanders to have beneficial effect on their recently-planted 10 crops. The second, or legends, are seen as being true and as containing important factual information, but not as being in any sense magical in their effect. The last group, or myths, are considered not only true, but venerable and sacred, to be told in association with specific rituals or when the effectiveness of such rituals is called into 15 question.
1. This passage was written by
2. Malinowski suggests that the usual, nonanthropological way of looking at a narrative is in terms of its
3. It may be inferred from the passage that
4. When do Trobriand Islanders tell fairy tales?
5. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true of the Trobriand Islanders ?
6. It may be inferred from the passage that Malinowski
7. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
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